English Golden Retrievers
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British Golden Retrievers
The Golden Retriever is a relatively young breed. It originated in Scotland during the late 1800s where it was developed by a British aristocrat, Lord Tweedmouth.

The original cross was of a yellow-colored Retriever, Nous, with a Tweed water spaniel female dog, Belle. The foundation of the golden retriever was the now-extinct Tweed water spaniel. Over the years, crosses were made to numerous other breeds, most of which differ significantly from the dogs we know today by the same names:

From these combinations came the Golden's exceptional scenting ability, strong prey drive and gentle temperament. By the early 1900s, the Golden retriever had developed into a superb hunting retriever. In addition to its hunting traits, the Golden's most distinguishing features were its luxurious golden coat and sweet disposition.

British type Golden Retrievers vs. American type Golden Retrievers
The British Golden Retriever is in fact the original breed from which all others evolved. When the Golden Retriever was first introduced into the United States, via Canada, it was basically the British breed. The first Golden Retriever to win Best In Show honors in the US (in 1933) was a Retriever named Pluto, who was also Canadian champion, and had bloodlines originating in British kennels.

Around World War II is when the British type Golden Retriever and the American type Golden Retriever began to go in different directions as breeds. Breeding began to take place between American kennels, rather than relying on bloodlines from overeas. Over time, the American breed began to diverge from its British cousin, becoming a somewhat lighter (in weight) and leaner animal.

The British Golden Retriever is heavier and stockier than its American counterpart. It has a broader skull and more muscular forequarters. While generally lighter in color than its American Golden, color has become less and less a defining characteristic of the breed. The British Breed Standard specifies that the Retriever's color should be ("- any shade of gold or cream, neither red nor mahogany"). The American Standard, which states ("- rich, lustrous golden of various shades."), and the Canadian Standard (" - lustrous golden of various shades") are not much more specific, and it would seem that a "typical" Retriever could fit within any of the three standards. The breeds are in reality distinguished from one another primarily by their respective conformations. They are all "Golden" to one degree or another.

Breed Standard as per the UK Kennel club:

General Appearance Symmetrical: Balanced, active, powerful, level mover; sound with kindly expression.
Characteristics: Intelligent and possessing natural working ability.
Temperament: Friendly and confident.
Head and Skull: Balanced and well chiseled, skull broad without coarseness; well set on neck, muzzle powerful, wide and deep. Length of foreface approximately equals length from well defined stop to occiput. Nose preferably black.
Eyes: Dark brown, set well apart, dark rims.
Ears: Moderate size, set on approximate level with eyes.
Mouth: Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Neck: Good length, clean and muscular.
Forequarters: Forelegs straight with good bone, shoulders well laid back, long in blade with upper arm of equal length placing legs well under body. Elbows close fitting.
Body: Balanced, short-coupled, deep through heart. Ribs deep, well sprung. Level topline.
Hindquarters: Loin and legs strong and muscular, good second thighs, well bent stifles. Hocks well let down, straight when viewed from rear, neither turning in nor out. Cow-hocks highly undesirable.
Feet: Round and cat-like.
Size. Height at withers: Dogs 56-61 cms (22-24 ins); Bitches 51-56 cms (20-22 ins).
Tail: Set on and carried level with back, reaching to hocks, without curl at tip.
Gait/Movement: Powerful with good drive. Straight and true in front and rear. Stride long and free with no sign of hackney action in front.
Coat: Flat or wavy with good feathering, dense water-resisting undercoat.
Colour: Any shade of gold or cream, neither red nor mahogany. A few white hairs on chest only, permissible.

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